Cloud Storage Object Discovery

Adversaries may enumerate objects in cloud storage infrastructure. Adversaries may use this information during automated discovery to shape follow-on behaviors, including requesting all or specific objects from cloud storage. Similar to File and Directory Discovery on a local host, after identifying available storage services (i.e. Cloud Infrastructure Discovery) adversaries may access the contents/objects stored in cloud infrastructure.

Cloud service providers offer APIs allowing users to enumerate objects stored within cloud storage. Examples include ListObjectsV2 in AWS [1] and List Blobs in Azure[2] .

ID: T1619
Sub-techniques:  No sub-techniques
Tactic: Discovery
Platforms: IaaS
Contributors: Isif Ibrahima; Regina Elwell
Version: 1.0
Created: 01 October 2021
Last Modified: 07 October 2021
Provided by LAYER 8


ID Mitigation Description
M1018 User Account Management

Restrict granting of permissions related to listing objects in cloud storage to necessary accounts.


ID Data Source Data Component
DS0010 Cloud Storage Cloud Storage Access
Cloud Storage Enumeration

System and network discovery techniques normally occur throughout an operation as an adversary learns the environment. Data and events should not be viewed in isolation, but as part of a chain of behavior that could lead to other activities, such as Collection and Exfiltration, based on the information obtained. Monitor cloud logs for API calls used for file or object enumeration for unusual activity.